Specific fields of work
Integrating interdisciplinary approach in mechatronical system design.
Scientific objective directed to development of technical systems by using information and function principles from biological systems.
Means by which a variable quantity or a set of variablequantities is made to conform to a prescribed norm (to achieve preset values or to compensate disturbances).
Control based on artificial intelligence techniques.
Sub-domain of mechatronics related to devices and their systems, which are several millimetres or smaller in size.
Permanent defining of changes in functioning, performance or environment.
Sub-domain of mechatronics related to devices and their systems, which are of molecular size.
Systems and devices
1. See 1.2.24. 2. Device that creates direct physical action on the process, other mechanical devices or the surrounding environment to perform some useful function.
Actuator consisting of a servo drive, hardware and software for control, sensing and perception, and communication, operating autonomously.
Machine featuring artificial intelligence.
Composite material (structure) exhibiting primitive intelligent functions.
MATERIAL (SYSTEM, PRODUCT), SMART
Material (system, product) capable of relatively complex behaviour due to the incorporation of artificial intelligence features.
Intelligent machine exhibiting intelligent function of adaptability.
MATERIAL (STRUCTURE), ACTIVE
Material (structure), which is able to respond to excitation due to the internal conversion energy or changing its parameters.
MECHANISM OF VARIABLE STRUCTURE (PARAMETERS)
Adjustable mechanism whose structure (parameters) can be altered.
Automatic controller system based on embedded computer dedicated to run a specific program.
Miniature electronic device (processor – device which is able to manipulate or modify data according to instructions), which uses programmable memory to store instructions and to implement functions such as logic sequence, time counting and arithmetic to control events.
Network composed of many interrelated units, each of which perform a weighted sum (more general: mathematical norm) of its inputs.
Usage of different sensors together for determining many different attributes of an object.
Autonomous unit integrating in itself the function for sensing and perception, analogue and digital signal processing, automated and self-calibration, function for compensation.
Using more than one sensor to complement the data of one sensor with that of another.
Structure whose parameters or component assembly can be changed for improving its functioning.
Any system under adaptive control.
SYSTEM, ARCHITECTURE OF MECHATRONICAL
Hierarchy and arrangement of components of a mechatronical system.
Part of a mechatronical system, which is evaluating information collected by perception and planning actions that will take place.
SYSTEM, AUTOMATIC CONTROLLER
Automatic controller system, usually computer based.
Part of a mechatronical system, which is controlling the activities of a machine based on instructions received from cognition or directly perception subsystems.
System designed following the principles of mechatronics.
Part of a mechatronical system, which is collecting, storing, processing and distributing the information about the current state of the machine and its environment.
System that generates its form by a process of self-organization, either wholly or in part.
Properties and behaviour
Acting physically on a process or applying a force.
BEHAVIOUR, INTELLIGENT (GOAL-ORIENTED)
Behaviour realizing artificial intelligence.
Behaviour that allows adapting to uncertain environment and situation and sustains fulfilling prescribed functions.
Control based on reasoning, which is using fuzzy logics.
Process of change which is assured given a reproductive population in which there are varieties of individuals, with some varieties being heritable, of which some varieties differ in fitness (reproductive success).
Algorithm, which encompasses methods of simulating evolution in technical systems.
Return of information from a sensor to the controller providing the system with information about how well it is performing in the task domain (closed-loop control).
Transfer of information from a controller to the process/system in order to change operating points (open-loop control)
FUNCTIONS, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
Ability of a computer-controlled machine to perform tasks commonly associated with intelligent beings, such as learning, prediction, self-repair, self-assembly, adaptation.
Ability of a computer controlled machine to perform functions that are normally associated with human intelligence, such as reasoning, planning, problem solving, pattern recognition, perception, cognition, understanding, and learning.
INTELLIGENCE, FEATURES OF ARTIFICIAL
Responsiveness, redundancy, standby, feedback, and others of this kind.
INTELLIGENCE, HUMAN LIKE
Mimicking of human thought and cognitive processes to solve complex problems automatically.
Capability of a machine or its systems to perform functions related to artificial intelligence.
Adaptation to the environment or situation based on experience.
Capability to perform more than one task simultaneously or ability to perform different functions under different conditions.
Applying mechanical, electrical, computational, or other procedures whereby data are changed from one form into another.
Process of going from what is known to what is not known.
Existence of more than one means for accomplishing a given function.
Redundancy in which all redundant items operate simultaneously.
Redundancy in which some or all of the redundant items are not operating continuously but are activated only upon failure of the primary item performing the function(s).
Ability of a system to keep prescribed functioning at the presence of disturbances or changes of process/system parameters
Influence on the object behaviour or the properties caused by the change of the object dimensions.
SCHEDULING (IN INTELLIGENT MACHINES)
Determining the order of activities for execution.
Self-organization manifesting in an ability to assemble a structure from components.
Capability of a machine to check and evaluate its working performance.
Capability of a machine to improve its performance.
Capability to maintain the machine in good order during its operation.
Ability to create structure without any external pressures, an emergent property of the system.
Capability of a machine to achieve and sustain the desired behaviour when working in an environment, which changes in time in a limited way.
Capability of a machine to restore its capacity to work.
System parameters tuning based on monitoring own parameters.
Acquiring information about an object or phenomena by an instrument that is in physical contact with, or in close range to the object or phenomena under study.