13

Mechatronics

English

13.1


Specific fields of work

13.1.1 APPROACH, MECHATRONIC
Integrating interdisciplinary approach in mechatronical system design.
13.1.2 BIOMIMETICS
Scientific objective directed to development of technical systems by using information and function principles from biological systems.
13.1.3 CONTROL
Means by which a variable quantity or a set of variablequantities is made to conform to a prescribed norm (to achieve preset values or to compensate disturbances).
13.1.5 CONTROL, INTELLIGENT
Control based on artificial intelligence techniques.
13.1.6 MICRO-MECHATRONICS
Sub-domain of mechatronics related to devices and their systems, which are several millimetres or smaller in size.
13.1.7 MONITORING
Permanent defining of changes in functioning, performance or environment.
13.1.8 NANO-MECHATRONICS
Sub-domain of mechatronics related to devices and their systems, which are of molecular size.

13.2


Systems and devices

13.2.1 ACTUATOR
1. See 1.2.24. 2. Device that creates direct physical action on the process, other mechanical devices or the surrounding environment to perform some useful function.
13.2.2 ACTUATOR, INTELLIGENT
Actuator consisting of a servo drive, hardware and software for control, sensing and perception, and communication, operating autonomously.
13.2.3 MACHINE, INTELLIGENT
Machine featuring artificial intelligence.
13.2.4 MATERIAL, INTELLIGENT
Composite material (structure) exhibiting primitive intelligent functions.
13.2.5 MATERIAL (SYSTEM, PRODUCT), SMART
Material (system, product) capable of relatively complex behaviour due to the incorporation of artificial intelligence features.
13.2.6 MACHINE, ADAPTIVE
Intelligent machine exhibiting intelligent function of adaptability.
13.2.7 MATERIAL (STRUCTURE), ACTIVE
Material (structure), which is able to respond to excitation due to the internal conversion energy or changing its parameters.
13.2.8 MECHANISM OF VARIABLE STRUCTURE (PARAMETERS)
Adjustable mechanism whose structure (parameters) can be altered.
13.2.9 MICRO-CONTROLLER
Automatic controller system based on embedded computer dedicated to run a specific program.
13.2.10 MICROPROCESSOR
Miniature electronic device (processor – device which is able to manipulate or modify data according to instructions), which uses programmable memory to store instructions and to implement functions such as logic sequence, time counting and arithmetic to control events.
13.2.11 NETWORK, NEURAL
Network composed of many interrelated units, each of which perform a weighted sum (more general: mathematical norm) of its inputs.
13.2.12 SENSOR FUSION
Usage of different sensors together for determining many different attributes of an object.
13.2.13 SENSOR, INTELLIGENT
Autonomous unit integrating in itself the function for sensing and perception, analogue and digital signal processing, automated and self-calibration, function for compensation.
13.2.14 SENSORS, MULTIPLE
Using more than one sensor to complement the data of one sensor with that of another.
13.2.15 STRUCTURE, ADJUSTABLE
Structure whose parameters or component assembly can be changed for improving its functioning.
13.2.16 SYSTEM, ADAPTIVE
Any system under adaptive control.
13.2.17 SYSTEM, ARCHITECTURE OF MECHATRONICAL
Hierarchy and arrangement of components of a mechatronical system.
13.2.18 SYSTEM, COGNITION
Part of a mechatronical system, which is evaluating information collected by perception and planning actions that will take place.
13.2.19 SYSTEM, AUTOMATIC CONTROLLER
Automatic controller system, usually computer based.
13.2.20 SYSTEM, EXECUTION
Part of a mechatronical system, which is controlling the activities of a machine based on instructions received from cognition or directly perception subsystems.
13.2.21 SYSTEM, MECHATRONICAL
System designed following the principles of mechatronics.
13.2.22 SYSTEM, PERCEPTION
Part of a mechatronical system, which is collecting, storing, processing and distributing the information about the current state of the machine and its environment.
13.2.23 SYSTEM, SELF-ORGANIZING
System that generates its form by a process of self-organization, either wholly or in part.

13.3


Properties and behaviour

13.3.1 ACTUATING
Acting physically on a process or applying a force.
13.3.2 BEHAVIOUR, INTELLIGENT (GOAL-ORIENTED)
Behaviour realizing artificial intelligence.
13.3.3 BEHAVIOUR, ADAPTIVE
Behaviour that allows adapting to uncertain environment and situation and sustains fulfilling prescribed functions.
13.3.4 CONTROL, FUZZY
Control based on reasoning, which is using fuzzy logics.
13.3.5 EVOLUTION
Process of change which is assured given a reproductive population in which there are varieties of individuals, with some varieties being heritable, of which some varieties differ in fitness (reproductive success).
13.3.6 EVOLUTIONARY ALGORITHM
Algorithm, which encompasses methods of simulating evolution in technical systems.
13.3.7 FEEDBACK
Return of information from a sensor to the controller providing the system with information about how well it is performing in the task domain (closed-loop control).
13.3.8 FEEDFORWARD
Transfer of information from a controller to the process/system in order to change operating points (open-loop control)
13.3.9 FUNCTIONS, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
Ability of a computer-controlled machine to perform tasks commonly associated with intelligent beings, such as learning, prediction, self-repair, self-assembly, adaptation.
13.3.10 INTELLIGENCE, ARTIFICIAL
Ability of a computer controlled machine to perform functions that are normally associated with human intelligence, such as reasoning, planning, problem solving, pattern recognition, perception, cognition, understanding, and learning.
13.3.11 INTELLIGENCE, FEATURES OF ARTIFICIAL
Responsiveness, redundancy, standby, feedback, and others of this kind.
13.3.12 INTELLIGENCE, HUMAN LIKE
Mimicking of human thought and cognitive processes to solve complex problems automatically.
13.3.13 INTELLIGENCE, MACHINE
Capability of a machine or its systems to perform functions related to artificial intelligence.
13.3.14 LEARNING
Adaptation to the environment or situation based on experience.
13.3.15 MULTI-FUNCTIONALITY
Capability to perform more than one task simultaneously or ability to perform different functions under different conditions.
13.3.16 PROCESSING
Applying mechanical, electrical, computational, or other procedures whereby data are changed from one form into another.
13.3.17 REASONING
Process of going from what is known to what is not known.
13.3.18 REDUNDANCY
Existence of more than one means for accomplishing a given function.
13.3.19 REDUNDANCY, ACTIVE
Redundancy in which all redundant items operate simultaneously.
13.3.20 REDUNDANCY, STANDBY
Redundancy in which some or all of the redundant items are not operating continuously but are activated only upon failure of the primary item performing the function(s).
13.3.21 ROBUSTNESS
Ability of a system to keep prescribed functioning at the presence of disturbances or changes of process/system parameters
13.3.22 SCALE EFFECT
Influence on the object behaviour or the properties caused by the change of the object dimensions.
13.3.23 SCHEDULING (IN INTELLIGENT MACHINES)
Determining the order of activities for execution.
13.3.24 SELF-ASSEMBLY
Self-organization manifesting in an ability to assemble a structure from components.
13.3.25 SELF-DIAGNOSIS
Capability of a machine to check and evaluate its working performance.
13.3.26 SELF-IMPROVEMENT
Capability of a machine to improve its performance.
13.3.27 SELF-MAINTENANCE
Capability to maintain the machine in good order during its operation.
13.3.28 SELF-ORGANIZATION
Ability to create structure without any external pressures, an emergent property of the system.
13.3.29 SELF-REGULATION
Capability of a machine to achieve and sustain the desired behaviour when working in an environment, which changes in time in a limited way.
13.3.30 SELF-REPAIR
Capability of a machine to restore its capacity to work.
13.3.31 SELF-TUNING
System parameters tuning based on monitoring own parameters.
13.3.32 SENSING
Acquiring information about an object or phenomena by an instrument that is in physical contact with, or in close range to the object or phenomena under study.